Business Models

Interactive nZEB Business Model Canvas

Existing nZEB business models

Below, a number of business models found in the major European markets are described using a BM profile. This contains some of the most relevant business model building blocks following Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010), such as:

  • Value proposition,
  • Customer relationship and
  • Revenue streams and cost

Part of the analysed business models were provided by the contributing partners of CRAVEzero (BM1-17). The other business models have been described by the partners as well, based on the information found on the respective companies’ websites. Some companies have provided their own BMs. However, it is not guaranteed that the information have been understood and filled into the profiles correctly and holistically.



Large parts of the report are based on information of business models that belong to companies which are not contributing to the CRAVEzero project. The information have been retrieved from the respective websites. Therefore, it cannot be guaranteed that statements made in the course of this report are entirely correct.

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Report – Typology canvas of business models is online

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The recently published report “D5.1: Typology canvas of business models” covers the development and detailed description of a methodology for the analysis of business models (BMs) within the framework of nZEBs. With this methodology the CRAVEzero project partners were able to describe, validate and evaluate their own BMs. The analysis comprises a total of 17 BMs. They are bundled and their main characteristics are provided and compared according to the Business Model Canvas.

Figure 1: Life cycle phases of nZEBs and business model allocation


Business Models

There are many business models and often they are closely linked to existing market structures, to each single stakeholder in the process and to policies. (more…)